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Periodontology is a specialty of Dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the periodontium - a set of tissues including the gingiva, bone and periodontal ligament, responsible for maintaining the firmness of the teeth in the jawbone.

Periodontal diseases are the result of accumulation of bacteria in the tissues of the oral cavity. The deposit of bacterial plaque and tartar in the groove between the gum and the teeth causes a chronic inflammation that destroys the tissues that support the teeth.

Periodontal diseases are divided into two major groups: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Although anyone with poor oral hygiene can develop gingivitis - gingival inflammation and bleeding - factors such as pregnancy, puberty, poorly positioned teeth, or the use of difficult-to-sanitize dentures potentiate the onset of this pathology.

Not being diagnosed and treated early, this inflammation evolves and eventually becomes a more serious and complex problem: periodontitis. The loss of bone becomes irreversible, the teeth begin to shake and they eventually end up falling. Smoking and diabetes are risk factors for the onset of this disease.

Periodontal disease affects a large part of the population and accounts for most of the loss of teeth in adult patients.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodontal Diseases

Although this dental problem is very serious, there is a solution and the faster you go to an appointment with a Periodontologist the more effective it will be.

In the case of gingivitis, the treatment involves the removal of all bacterial plaque and accumulated tartar, as well as the teaching of brushing and removal of interproximal bacterial plaque through the use of dental floss and / or toothbrushes. It is fundamental that the patient learns how to make a correct oral hygiene and maintains it.
For Periodontitis, it is not possible to replace the bone that has already been lost. Stopping the disease progression, eliminating the infection and providing a correct tissue anatomy is the aim so that the patient can have a correct oral hygiene at home.

Once the treatment is completed, it is up to the patient to follow the maintenance program, which includes specific hygiene measures and regular visits to oral hygiene specialists of MALO CLINIC.