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ORTHODONTICS

 
 
Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that deals with malocclusion, that is problems in the alignment of the teeth and dento facial disharmony. Crooked teeth or teeth that do not fit properly are difficult to keep clean and may be lost early due to deterioration and periodontal disease. They also cause additional stress to the muscles responsible for chewing, which can lead to headaches, temporo-mandibular joint syndrome, and pain in the neck, shoulder, and back region.

To correct these problems, the orthodontist often uses fixed appliances and / or removable appliances. In adults with severe bone disharmony, a combination of orthodontics and orthognathic surgery may be necessary to resolve severe cases of bone discrepancies.


Aesthetic Improvement
Orthodontic problems often have social and professional consequences, leading to situations of restriction / inhibition of the smile due to shame. Adequate orthodontic treatment allows a marked improvement in the dentofacial appearance, contributing to a high increase in the patient's self-esteem.

Improve Oral Hygiene
Cluttered or poorly aligned teeth make oral hygiene a much more difficult task. By correcting poor positioning, orthodontic treatment improves oral hygiene, preventing the development of extensive cavities and gum disease, which in the most severe cases can lead to tooth loss.

Increased Masticatory Efficiency
Restoring a correct relationship between the upper and lower teeth results in greater masticatory efficiency, eliminating the difficulty or inability to chew certain foods and allowing more adequate nutrition.

Improve Fonation and Breathing
The reestablishment of occlusion avoids and eliminates breathing problems, which results in an improvement in verbal communication, with evident consequences in the attitude and well-being of the patient at the social level.

Prevention of Temporal-Mandibular Joint Damage
In some cases, orthodontic treatment avoids complications in the temporo-mandibular joint (the joint that allows the union of the mandible with the skull, more concretely with the temporal bone), which may be the cause of chronic pain in the head, face, neck or ears as well as dizziness, nausea and limitations in opening and closing the mouth.



TREATMENTS
 
 
Facial orthopediatrics - from 2 to 8 years old

When the child has an abnormal facial development, usually identified by the parents as the chin too far forward or too far back, when the parents identify an oral breath, or when the child snores. Facial orthopediatrics should be done by an orthodontist in collaboration with other specialties, namely otorhinolaryngology, myofunctional therapy and pediatric dentistry.

These treatments aim to correct the cause of the problem and direct growth and facial development, promoting a change in the structure of the face and teeth.
The child acquires better posture and better function in the oral cavity and body.
Interceptive or preventive orthodontics - from 6 to 14 years old

When a timely diagnosis is made, the probability of having to resort to more interventional therapies decreases.


Interventional or corrective orthodontics - from the age of 12

There are several types of pathologies: crowding, diastema, open bite, deep bite and cross bite. Depending on their severity, they are classified into classes, I, II or III.
Interventional or corrective orthodontics also acts on skeletal facial disharmony in cases of prognathism, retrognathism, progeny, retrogeny, gingival smile and facial asymmetry.


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